- Omniglot – Greek Alphabet
- Community Record Encyclopedia – Greek Alphabet
- Omniglot – Greek Alphabet
- Globe Background Encyclopedia – Greek Alphabet
It is the direct or indirect predecessor of the many progressive Eu alphabets. It was produced by the new Northern Semitic alphabet through that this new Phoenicians.
Modern Greek alphabet
The fresh new Greek alphabet remains employed for new Greek code today. Brand new emails of your own Greek alphabet are actually also put due to the fact icons getting principles inside the equations of interrelated industries of mathematics and research-like, this new lowercase leader (?) are often used to represent an angle into the mathematics.
The fresh new Greek alphabet is not the same as new Cyrillic alphabet. However the Cyrillic alphabet are heavily reliant brand new Greek alphabet, and so the a few creating assistance end up like one another. The latest Cyrillic alphabet is made in the Old, and it also includes extra letters so you’re able to account fully for the latest songs which Slavic languages explore that aren’t within Greek. The fresh Cyrillic alphabet is together with useful for low-Slavic languages, such as for instance Kyrgyz and you may Tajik.
The fresh new Greek alphabet are a life threatening creativity because it is an effective more effective and you can exact treatment for produce a non-Semitic language. It performed so from the introduction of a lot the fresh letters and you can the fresh amendment otherwise dropping of a lot others. Most important, a number of the signs of one’s Semitic alphabet, and that portrayed just consonants, were made so you can depict vowels.
Greek alphabet, creating program which was designed in Greece in the one thousand bce . It is the lead or indirect predecessor of all the progressive European alphabets. Derived from the newest Northern Semitic alphabet through that the latest Phoenicians, the fresh new Greek alphabet are altered making it better and you can particular to have writing a low-Semitic code by adding numerous this new emails together with amendment or shedding many other people. Foremost, a few of the icons of your Semitic alphabet, and therefore represented merely consonants, have been made so you’re able to portray vowels: this new Semitic consonants ?alef, the guy, yod, ?ayin, and you may vav became the brand new Greek characters leader, epsilon, iota, omicron, and upsilon, representing new vowels a good, age, we, o, and you will you, respectively. Incorporating icons to the vowel musical greatly increased new accuracy and legibility of your own creating system to possess non-Semitic languages.
Till the 5th 100 years bce the brand new Greek alphabet will be divided towards one or two dominating branches: the fresh Ionic (eastern) in addition to Chalcidian (western). Differences between the two branches have been minor. The fresh new Chalcidian alphabet most likely provided go up on the Etruscan alphabet out of Italy on the 8th neste side century bce and therefore indirectly towards almost every other Italic alphabets, including the Latin alphabet, that is today used in really Eu dialects. Within the 403 bce , yet not, Athens commercially followed this new Ionic alphabet as written in Miletus, along with next 50 years nearly all regional Greek alphabets, such as the Chalcidian, have been changed of the Ionic software, and that thus became new Ancient Greek alphabet.
Early Greek alphabet was written, including their Semitic forebears, out of right to left. So it gradually provided answer to brand new boustrophedon design, and you may immediately following 500 bce Greek try constantly created of kept to correct. The newest Classical alphabet got 24 letters, 7 from which have been vowels, and you can consisted of money letters, ideal for monuments and you will inscriptions. Of it was derived around three programs most readily useful suitable for handwriting: uncial, which was simply the Traditional capitals adjusted so you can composing with pencil on paper and you will the same as hand printing, and cursive and you can smallest, which have been running texts similar to progressive handwriting variations, with inserted characters and you may big amendment inside letter contour. Uncial went out of good use from the 9th century ce , and you may smallest, which changed they, resulted in the modern Greek handwriting form.